skip to Main Content

by Massimo Franceschetti

What does effective communication mean and how can we achieve it? We asked Massimo Franceschetti who is a professor at Bologna Business School and an expert in effective communication. Here is his answer… 

In order to develop effective communication skills we need to consider the following 5 basic principles:

    • awareness,
    • responsibility,
    • respect,
    • trust,
    • and creativity.

The 5 basic principles of effective communication

Effective communication has to measure up to these principles, so let’s analyse them together.

  1. By “awareness” I mean the ability to reflect on what we do, explain it, give it a name and manage it. Effective communication cannot do without awareness.

    Skilled communicators don’t just speak or listen, in fact they can explain what is happening in the moment they are communicating, they can learn from their mistakes, prepare and orient their communication.

    People who are aware have personally experienced what they are talking about. In case of necessity they have better chances of finding effective solutions. Most importantly they have a natural authority which makes their communication effective.


  2. Responsibility. Human beings can decide to orient their behaviour according to elements which are not included in their DNA. Human beings can make decisions, choose intentionally, do practically anything they want. They have multiple possibilities which all lie within their ability to think of all the possible alternatives. For this reason they can always take the  for the choices they make and always have a space of freedom within their actions. If we can choose then we become responsible for the choices we make. And for the ones we don’t make.

    In terms of effective communication this means being responsible for the results of our own communication. This is the only way we can improve.

  3. Respect. The principle of biological life conservation finds expression in the value which is granted to all living things, including human beings. People have value in themselves because they exist. In more practical terms, the value of all living beings finds expression in people’s need for respect. Every person needs respect. “To respect” literally means “to regard” i.e. “to consider carefully”. Each person requires special consideration. We all need to receive and give respect. This sense of respect is also connected to our very own nature of living beings who depend on one another.

    Effective communication promotes respect

    Photo Laurenz Kleinheider by Unsplash

    Effective communication promotes respect even when it comes to saying unpleasant things, as it happens during arguments or in everyday interactions.

  4. TrustTrust is a “feeling of confidence in someone or something”. It is that confidence which makes us think “that’s how it should be”, “it is possible”, “it will happen”, even if there is no real evidence (yet). Trust has the ability to generate “facts”. Trust is productive, just as distrust is destructive. Trust becomes all the more powerful when it is joined up with imagination and creativity, two  supreme features of every human being.  

    All kinds of effective communication are based on trust, as indeed in the case of clients and sellers 

    (Editor’s note: go back to the article on the Circle of Trust).

  5. Creativity. Creativity is the ability to think differently and connect elements which are distant from each other. Like imagination, it is the capacity to create new images of reality.

    Effective communication  is creative communication, it is flexible and open to new possibilities: it is flexible and open to the different contexts in which it takes place.

    Creativity is the result of positive interaction between homogeneity and difference. It can’t just come from nothing, in fact it is based on learned foundations. We should observe Nature, which is constantly experimenting and inventing. It explores all the different possibilities of a specific situation or context. Nature has no fears, impediments, performance anxieties, preconceptions or categorical judgements. Nature doesn’t stand still, it doesn’t become entrenched, it doesn’t get bored, it doesn’t give up.  When these things happen to people (“I  tried everything!”, we say) it’s because (maybe just for a short time) we lose confidence in the generative power of imagination, in the most peculiar and natural side of  human beings (lack of confidence is learned and fostered).

Any kind of  human community can be a source of creativity, because it is the place of diversity. Here lie the difficulties and the wonders of living together.

– – –
This combination of divergence and convergence, conventionality and unconventionality, common elements and differences, is the secret to human productivity and to effective communication.
– – –

The ability to live together has guaranteed our species extraordinary chances of survival and a complex and diverse life. Another reason –  if necessary – to promote effective communication, allowing difference and creativity to rise and experiment themselves.


| partem claram semper aspice |

Did you like this article and would you like
to learn more about this topic?

Have a look at our tips below if you want to keep in touch with us!


Master & Executive Class 2020

La comunicazione empatica
con i clienti e il mercato

On Friday 6th March Alberto Aleo and Massimo Franceschetti will open the Master Class 2020 training year with a course dedicated to empathic communication. The course will provide us with the tools to build a relationship of mutual and lasting satisfaction with the customer: Massimo will guide the part concerning the direct relationship while Alberto will accompany the reflections on how to transmit empathy through marketing tools.

> There are only 2 place available <

To participate you must register: call or write an email to M71 +39 0547 80645 –


Ti è piaciuto questo articolo e vuoi approfondire i temi?
Guarda qui in basso i nostri suggerimenti per continuare la tua formazione!

Scopri i prossimi corsi in partenza
con ancora posti disponibili

 ⇣ Per info e iscrizioni ⇣


Alice Alessandri and Alberto Aleo, a couple in life and work, are founders of the consulting and training company Passodue, which operates in the field of ethical sales and marketing.
Their publications and articles have appeared in newspapers and magazines. In the US since 2013 they collaborate with researchers and professors on the topics of Business Ethics.

This Post Has 0 Comments

Leave a comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Back To Top
×Close search